International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation


Session Number:1D2b



High Resolution Timing Vector for FPGA Implementation of a Phased Array DBF

T. Salim,  J. Devlin,  J. Whittington,  


Publication Date:2006/11/2

Online ISSN:2188-5079


PDF download (150.3KB)

Efficient digital phased array beams require a high resolution timing vector. The timing coefficients cause speed bottleneck for FPGA implementation of beam forming in the HF frequency range. In this paper we present polyphase interpolator to overcome the speed limitation of FPGA implementation of digital beamforming (DBF) for ionospheric radar. The radar requires a constant phasing vector to steer the beam over a specified region of the ionosphere. Sixteen digital beams are derived from the vector with beam resolution of approximately three degrees. The phasing weights can be employed either in the time domain or in the frequency domain. Comparison of phase delay and time delay methods is presented for broadband frequencies of the radar. Performance of the proposed DBF system is presented using clock efficiency and FPGA implementation.