Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium
Trajectory Protection Scheme Based on Fog Computing and K-anonymity in IoT
Kexin Zhou, Jian Wang,
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With the development of cloud computing technology in the Internet of Things (IoT), the trajectory privacy in location-based services (LBSs) has attracted much attention. Most of the existing work adopts point-to-point and centralized models, which will bring a heavy burden to the user and cause performance bottlenecks. Moreover, previous schemes did not consider both online and offline trajectory protection and ignored some hidden background information. Therefore, in this paper, we design a trajectory protection scheme based on fog computing and k-anonymity for real-time trajectory privacy protection in continuous queries and offline trajectory data protection in trajectory publication. Fog computing provides the user with local storage and mobility to ensure physical control, and k-anonymity constructs the cloaking region for each snapshot in terms of time- dependent query probability and transition probability. In this way, two k-anonymity-based dummy generation algorithms are proposed, which achieve the maximum entropy of online and offline trajectory protection. Security analysis and simulation results indicate that our scheme can realize trajectory protection effectively and efficiently.