Asia-Pacific Network Operations and Management Symposium
Machine Learning Based Link State Aware Service Function Chaining
Seyeon Jeong, Heegon Kim, Jae-Hyoung Yoo, James Won-Ki Hong,
PDF download (508.3KB)
Service Function Chaining (SFC) can be a basic deployment unit that composes a chaining order of required network functions to provide a network service. With the proliferation of Software-Defined Networking (SDN) and cloud computing, such virtualized network functions can be dynamically deployed in different sites, depending on SFC requests. While offering the advantages of flexibility and efficiency, this also leaves management complexity and room for optimization where Machine Learning (ML) can be applicable to solve the problems based on monitoring data. In this paper, we treat SFC as a problem of finding a best source-to-destination routing path from multiple candidates with different link costs and a required traversal order of network functions. There are many mathematical approaches that ensure best optimum but not scalable to the problem size, whereas our approach hides underlying considerations by applying ML technique on measured SFC data to quickly find suboptimal routing paths on a new SFC request, based on their predicted network performance such as the number of successful requests or end-to-end delay. So, we developed a measurement system that records the performance and path costs of SFCs in emulated networks with different per link costs and chain lengths. Then, we evaluate four different ML models for the approach described above.