Presentation 2002/12/12
Interference Effects by Tonal and Speech Stimuli on Short-Term Memory (The Irrelevant Sound Effect)
Ken'ichi MIYAZAKI,
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Abstract(in English) The irrelevant sound effect refers to an impairment of the immediate serial recall of visually presented items when the task is performed in the presence of irrelevant (unattended) sounds. Three experiments reported here are aimed at determining whether unattended tonal or speech stimuli interfere with the serial recall of visually presented musical-pitch syllables or digits. Participants having absolute pitch showed a considerable interference by the incongruent piano tones in comparison with participants not having absolute pitch. This result suggests that absolute-pitch possessors have an automated encoding of tonal stimuli into musical-pitch labels, which could cause an interference with the phonological store of working memory.
Keyword(in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Keyword(in English) Irrelevant Sound (Speech) Effect / Serial Recall / Absolute Pitch / Phonological Store / Pitch Naming
Paper # HIP2002-37
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Committee HIP
Conference Date 2002/12/12(1days)
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Language JPN
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Title (in English) Interference Effects by Tonal and Speech Stimuli on Short-Term Memory (The Irrelevant Sound Effect)
Sub Title (in English)
Keyword(1) Irrelevant Sound (Speech) Effect
Keyword(2) Serial Recall
Keyword(3) Absolute Pitch
Keyword(4) Phonological Store
Keyword(5) Pitch Naming
1st Author's Name Ken'ichi MIYAZAKI
1st Author's Affiliation Faculty of Humanities, University of Niigata()
Date 2002/12/12
Paper # HIP2002-37
Volume (vol) vol.102
Number (no) 533
Page pp.pp.-
#Pages 6
Date of Issue