Presentation 2003/2/27
Roles of Shared Relations in Induction Examination of Structural Alignment Theory
Hitoshi OHNISHI,
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Abstract(in English) Three experiments examined the roles of shared relations between representations in induction Lassaline (1996) found that shared attributes contribute to the inductive strength, but shared relations do not, whereas both shared attributes and shared relations contribute to similarity judgment. A structural alignment view of induction was generalized to account for these phenomena. According to the structural alignment view proposed in this paper, (1) insufficiency of the number of shared relations caused the dissociation between shared relations and inductive strength, and (2) structural alignment during similarity judgment made shared relations so salient as to increase similarity Experiment 1 examined the first hypothesis. Participants judged inductive strength of arguments that had a crossing number of shared attributes and shared relations. The results showed that shared relations contribute to the inductive strength if a sufficient number of relations are shared Experiments 2 and 3 examined the second hypothesis. The participants who rated similarity between categories of arguments prior to judgment of inductive strength judged arguments having a shared relation to be stronger, whereas the participants who only judged inductive strength did not judge so The results support the proposed structural alignment view of induction.
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Keyword(in English) cognitive science / induction / category-based induction / similarity / structural alignment
Paper # NLC2002-86
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Committee NLC
Conference Date 2003/2/27(1days)
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Paper Information
Registration To Natural Language Understanding and Models of Communication (NLC)
Language JPN
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Title (in English) Roles of Shared Relations in Induction Examination of Structural Alignment Theory
Sub Title (in English)
Keyword(1) cognitive science
Keyword(2) induction
Keyword(3) category-based induction
Keyword(4) similarity
Keyword(5) structural alignment
1st Author's Name Hitoshi OHNISHI
1st Author's Affiliation National Institute of Multimedia Education:School of Cultural and Social Studies, The Graduate University of Advanced Studies()
Date 2003/2/27
Paper # NLC2002-86
Volume (vol) vol.102
Number (no) 689
Page pp.pp.-
#Pages 6
Date of Issue