Presentation 2016-10-09
Articulatory Synchronization in Phonological Dyslexia
Fusa Katada,
PDF Download Page PDF download Page Link
Abstract(in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Abstract(in English) The neurobiological disorder called dyslexia is a specific learning disability that affects only literacy skills. It has been generally agreed that the reading disorder stems from a particular problem in language acquisition affecting phonological awareness. However, the exact nature of phonological awareness has not yet been all clear. On the basis of English dyslexic reading marked by an overproduction of mora(CV)-units in the absence of rhyme(VC)-units, this article explores the universal structure of phonological awareness. It demonstrates that rhyme-awareness plays a key role in reading rhyme-oriented languages such as English, whereas the concept of rhyme-awareness itself is irrelevant in mora-oriented, rhymeless languages such as Japanese, and that this difference correlates with seemingly mysterious discrepancy in the prevalence of dyslexic population between the English speaking world and the Japanese speaking world. Moreover, the article strengthens the mora-basic hypothesis that mora, which is formed by coarticulation, is the elementary frame of language. It is suggested that the mora-basic hypothesis conforms to a human neurological restriction inclined toward a synchronized behavior.
Keyword(in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Keyword(in English) Developmental Dyslexia / Phonemic Awareness / Rhyme Awareness / Coarticulation / Articulatory Synchronization / Mora-basic Hypothesis / Prosodic Restructuring
Paper # TL2016-31
Date of Issue 2016-10-02 (TL)

Conference Information
Committee TL
Conference Date 2016/10/9(1days)
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Place (in English) Kobe Gakuin University (Port Island Campus)
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Topics (in English) "Thought, Body and Language", "Emotion, Cognition and Language"
Chair Masami Suzuki(KDDI R&D Labs.)
Vice Chair Chiaki Kubomura(Yamano College of Aesthetics)
Secretary Chiaki Kubomura(Ehime Univ.)
Assistant Yasushi Tsubota(Kyoto Inst. of Tech.) / Nobuyuki Jincho(Waseda Univ.)

Paper Information
Registration To Technical Committee on Thought and Language
Language JPN
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page)
Title (in English) Articulatory Synchronization in Phonological Dyslexia
Sub Title (in English)
Keyword(1) Developmental Dyslexia
Keyword(2) Phonemic Awareness
Keyword(3) Rhyme Awareness
Keyword(4) Coarticulation
Keyword(5) Articulatory Synchronization
Keyword(6) Mora-basic Hypothesis
Keyword(7) Prosodic Restructuring
1st Author's Name Fusa Katada
1st Author's Affiliation Waseda University(Waseda Univ.)
Date 2016-10-09
Paper # TL2016-31
Volume (vol) vol.116
Number (no) TL-242
Page pp.pp.29-34(TL),
#Pages 6
Date of Issue 2016-10-02 (TL)