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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2018-05-21 15:10
Linguistics for "OK, Google!" -- The Peculiarity of Wake Words As Seen from the Three-Tier Model of Language Use --
Ryohei Naya (KGU), Takashi Ishida (Uni. of Tsukuba) HCS2018-9 HIP2018-9
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) We are living in the age of voice input. The voice assistant or smart speakers are activated by wake words such as “OK Google” or “Hey Siri.” Unlike English speakers, Japanese speakers tend to feel embarrassed or even awkward to say the wake words. This paper argues, based on the framework of the three-tier model of language use (Hirose (2013, 2015, 2016, 2017), that the different attitudes towards the wake words can be derived from a linguistic difference between Japanese and English; the vocatives in the wake words are peculiar and uncommon for the general use of Japanese vocatives.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Contrastive Study of English and Japanese / Voice Assistant / Vocative / Public Self / Private Self / Interpersonal Relationship / /  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 118, no. 49, HCS2018-9, pp. 65-70, May 2018.
Paper # HCS2018-9 
Date of Issue 2018-05-14 (HCS, HIP) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685  Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
Download PDF HCS2018-9 HIP2018-9

Conference Information
Committee HCS HIP HI-SIGCE  
Conference Date 2018-05-21 - 2018-05-22 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) Okinawa Industry Support Center 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English) Communication Enhancing and Human Communications 
Paper Information
Registration To HCS 
Conference Code 2018-05-HCS-HIP-SIGCE 
Language Japanese 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Linguistics for "OK, Google!" 
Sub Title (in English) The Peculiarity of Wake Words As Seen from the Three-Tier Model of Language Use 
Keyword(1) Contrastive Study of English and Japanese  
Keyword(2) Voice Assistant  
Keyword(3) Vocative  
Keyword(4) Public Self  
Keyword(5) Private Self  
Keyword(6) Interpersonal Relationship  
1st Author's Name Ryohei Naya  
1st Author's Affiliation Kanto Gakuin University (KGU)
2nd Author's Name Takashi Ishida  
2nd Author's Affiliation University of Tsukuba (Uni. of Tsukuba)
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Date Time 2018-05-21 15:10:00 
Presentation Time 25 
Registration for HCS 
Paper # IEICE-HCS2018-9,IEICE-HIP2018-9 
Volume (vol) IEICE-118 
Number (no) no.49(HCS), no.50(HIP) 
Page pp.65-70 
#Pages IEICE-6 
Date of Issue IEICE-HCS-2018-05-14,IEICE-HIP-2018-05-14 

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