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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2014-08-13 16:05
Corpus Frequency of Relative Clause Association in Japanese
Toshiyuki Yamada, Douglas Roland, Manabu Arai, Yuki Hirose (Univ. of Tokyo) TL2014-35
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Previous studies show mixed results for the processing of relative clause (RC) association ambiguity in Japanese, as in [isi-ga syokusinsiteiru] kanzya-no ani ‘the brother of the patient (that) the doctor is palpating’, schematically represented as [RC] Noun 1 (N1)-GEN N2. Some studies show a preference for N1 association, whereas others show a preference for N2 association (e.g., Kamide & Mitchell, 1997; Miyamoto et al., 2004). Recently, Yamada et al. (2014) demonstrated that Japanese comprehenders adopt the N1 association initially but revise it to the N2 association as a second potential head noun is encountered. The question remains as to why such an unforced (i.e., syntactically not required) revision is observed. The current study sheds light on this question using Kyoto University Text Corpus, and examines whether there is a structural frequency bias towards the N2 association. The results of corpus analysis showed that when either association was semantically plausible, the frequency of N2 association was higher than that of N1 association. They also indicated no bias towards the N2 association when the referents of N1 and N2 were both discourse-new and non-unique entities, the situation most similar to the experimental items in Yamada et al. (2014). The corpus data suggest an apparent N2 bias, which is consistent with the N2 association preference observed as an unforced revision. Since the bias itself was not sufficiently strong to override the semantic preference for the N1 association manipulated in Yamada et al. (2014), the frequency bias is not the only factor that motivates an unforced revision in the processing of RC association ambiguity.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) unforced revision in parsing / relative clause association ambiguity / frequency effects / Japanese / corpus analysis / / /  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 114, no. 176, TL2014-35, pp. 127-132, Aug. 2014.
Paper # TL2014-35 
Date of Issue 2014-08-05 (TL) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685  Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
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Conference Information
Committee TL  
Conference Date 2014-08-12 - 2014-08-13 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) The University of Tokyo (Komaba) 18 Bldg. Hall 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English) Mental Architecture for Processing and Learning of Language 
Paper Information
Registration To TL 
Conference Code 2014-08-TL 
Language English (Japanese title is available) 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Corpus Frequency of Relative Clause Association in Japanese 
Sub Title (in English)  
Keyword(1) unforced revision in parsing  
Keyword(2) relative clause association ambiguity  
Keyword(3) frequency effects  
Keyword(4) Japanese  
Keyword(5) corpus analysis  
1st Author's Name Toshiyuki Yamada  
1st Author's Affiliation The University of Tokyo (Univ. of Tokyo)
2nd Author's Name Douglas Roland  
2nd Author's Affiliation The University of Tokyo (Univ. of Tokyo)
3rd Author's Name Manabu Arai  
3rd Author's Affiliation The University of Tokyo (Univ. of Tokyo)
4th Author's Name Yuki Hirose  
4th Author's Affiliation The University of Tokyo (Univ. of Tokyo)
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Date Time 2014-08-13 16:05:00 
Presentation Time 30 
Registration for TL 
Paper # IEICE-TL2014-35 
Volume (vol) IEICE-114 
Number (no) no.176 
Page pp.127-132 
#Pages IEICE-6 
Date of Issue IEICE-TL-2014-08-05 

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