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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2014-03-08 16:10
Effectiveness of a Musical scale to represent table -- structure for the visually-impaired --
Mizuho Igata, Hikari Yamamoto, Takayuki Watanabe (Tokyo Woman's Christian University) WIT2013-92
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) We have investigated if a musical scale, which was appended in a cell element, is effective for the visually impaired to understand the content of a table. Experiments were carried out with 24 sighted subjects. As a result, in terms of task completion time, there was no significant difference between the table with a musical scale and the table without it. In terms of mental workload, however, we found there was a significant difference between the two tables. A sense of pitch made no difference to both task completion time and mental workload. Subjects told that a table with a musical scale was more pleasant than a table without it.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Web / auditory representation / musical scale / screen reader / table / NVDA / /  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 113, no. 481, WIT2013-92, pp. 141-147, March 2014.
Paper # WIT2013-92 
Date of Issue 2014-02-28 (WIT) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685  Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
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Conference Information
Committee WIT  
Conference Date 2014-03-07 - 2014-03-08 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) Kasuga Campus, Tsukuba University of Technology 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English) Well-being Information Technology, etc. 
Paper Information
Registration To WIT 
Conference Code 2014-03-WIT 
Language Japanese 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Effectiveness of a Musical scale to represent table 
Sub Title (in English) structure for the visually-impaired 
Keyword(1) Web  
Keyword(2) auditory representation  
Keyword(3) musical scale  
Keyword(4) screen reader  
Keyword(5) table  
Keyword(6) NVDA  
1st Author's Name Mizuho Igata  
1st Author's Affiliation Tokyo Woman's Christian University (Tokyo Woman's Christian University)
2nd Author's Name Hikari Yamamoto  
2nd Author's Affiliation Tokyo Woman's Christian University (Tokyo Woman's Christian University)
3rd Author's Name Takayuki Watanabe  
3rd Author's Affiliation Tokyo Woman's Christian University (Tokyo Woman's Christian University)
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Date Time 2014-03-08 16:10:00 
Presentation Time 25 
Registration for WIT 
Paper # IEICE-WIT2013-92 
Volume (vol) IEICE-113 
Number (no) no.481 
Page pp.141-147 
#Pages IEICE-7 
Date of Issue IEICE-WIT-2014-02-28 

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