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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2011-08-05 16:25
[Poster Presentation] Immediate use of contextually meaningful prosodic information in processing of garden-path sentences
Chie Nakamura (Keio Univ./RIKEN), Manabu Arai (Tokyo Univ./RIKEN), Reiko Mazuka (RIKEN/Duke Univ.)
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) An eye-tracking experiment examined whether prosodic information can be immediately used to predict and analyze a correct sentence structure in processing of structurally ambiguous sentences in Japanese such as 'Otokonoko-ga sanrinsha-ni notteiru onnanoko-wo mitsumeta' (The boy stared at the girl who was riding on the tricycle). In our experiment, participants heard such a sentence either with contrastive intonation on the RC-theme (tricycle) or without. At the same time, they saw a visual scene that contained either an object that established contrast to the RC-head noun (e.g., another girl riding on a hobbyhorse) or an object that did not (e.g., a woman riding on a bicycle). The results showed that when a visual scene include contrast, participants made more looks to the correct RC-head object with contrastive intonation than without the intonation. However, when a scene did not include contrast, there was no difference in looks to the RC-head object between a sentence with the intonation and the one without. The results demonstrated that prosodic information can help listeners to analyze a correct syntactic structure before encountering any disambiguating information but this is limited to when the prosodic information is contextually meaningful.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) prosody / garden-path sentence / sentence processing / eye-movements / visual world paradigm / / /  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 111, no. 170, TL2011-17, pp. 53-56, Aug. 2011.
Paper # TL2011-17 
Date of Issue 2011-07-29 (TL) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685  Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380

Conference Information
Committee TL  
Conference Date 2011-08-05 - 2011-08-06 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) Hiroshima Univ. 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English) Human Language Processing and Learning 
Paper Information
Registration To TL 
Conference Code 2011-08-TL 
Language English 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Immediate use of contextually meaningful prosodic information in processing of garden-path sentences 
Sub Title (in English)  
Keyword(1) prosody  
Keyword(2) garden-path sentence  
Keyword(3) sentence processing  
Keyword(4) eye-movements  
Keyword(5) visual world paradigm  
1st Author's Name Chie Nakamura  
1st Author's Affiliation Keio University/RIKEN (Keio Univ./RIKEN)
2nd Author's Name Manabu Arai  
2nd Author's Affiliation Tokyo University/RIKEN (Tokyo Univ./RIKEN)
3rd Author's Name Reiko Mazuka  
3rd Author's Affiliation RIKEN/Duke University (RIKEN/Duke Univ.)
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Date Time 2011-08-05 16:25:00 
Presentation Time
Registration for TL 
Paper # IEICE-TL2011-17 
Volume (vol) IEICE-111 
Number (no) no.170 
Page pp.53-56 
#Pages IEICE-4 
Date of Issue IEICE-TL-2011-07-29 

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