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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2011-02-22 10:00
Towards seamless man-machine communication using theory of mind
Fumito Hamada, Edson T. Miyamoto (U. Tsukuba) HIP2010-86
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Since its proposal 60 years ago, the Turing Test has generated intense debate in theoretical AI. However, it has not had as much impact on actual applications. Recently, researchers have used pragmatics to analyze man-machine exchanges (e.g., transcripts from the Loebner prize, a Turing-style competition) and machine-machine exchanges. We argue based on those results that there is a need to implement some measure of theory of mind (i.e., the machine should have some representation of the user’s representation of the world) to improve machines’ responses. We report questionnaire data on the hypothetical interactions between users and three QA systems. The QA systems did not differ in how human-like their responses were judged to be; nevertheless, their responses were considered more helpful when they attempted to guess the users’ goals rather than just providing literal answers to the queries. The results are unsurprising, but they underscore the need to go beyond literal answers, which have often been the sole goal of this type of system development. Research should aim at systems that can maintain representations of the user’s mental model of the world so that their needs can be better serviced.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Turing Test / pragmatics / theory of mind / man-machine communication / / / /  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 110, no. 422, HIP2010-86, pp. 39-44, Feb. 2011.
Paper # HIP2010-86 
Date of Issue 2011-02-14 (HIP) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685  Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
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Conference Information
Committee HIP  
Conference Date 2011-02-21 - 2011-02-22 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English) Okinawa International Univ. 
Topics (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Topics (in English)  
Paper Information
Registration To HIP 
Conference Code 2011-02-HIP 
Language Japanese 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Towards seamless man-machine communication using theory of mind 
Sub Title (in English)  
Keyword(1) Turing Test  
Keyword(2) pragmatics  
Keyword(3) theory of mind  
Keyword(4) man-machine communication  
1st Author's Name Fumito Hamada  
1st Author's Affiliation University of Tsukuba (U. Tsukuba)
2nd Author's Name Edson T. Miyamoto  
2nd Author's Affiliation University of Tsukuba (U. Tsukuba)
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Date Time 2011-02-22 10:00:00 
Presentation Time 30 
Registration for HIP 
Paper # IEICE-HIP2010-86 
Volume (vol) IEICE-110 
Number (no) no.422 
Page pp.39-44 
#Pages IEICE-6 
Date of Issue IEICE-HIP-2011-02-14 

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