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Paper Abstract and Keywords
Presentation 2009-06-25 14:00
Subjective evaluations of proficiency for tremolo played on the mandolin using Fluctuation Strength
Nozomiko Yasui, Masafumi Kinou, Masanobu Miura (Ryukoku Univ.) EA2009-20
Abstract (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) The tremolo played on the mandolin is said to be a continuous sound produced by repetition of attenuating sounds. The amount of acoustic amplitude of tremolo is usually fluctuated in terms of time. Therefore, tremolo is assumed to give us the feeling of fluctuation, which is thought to be concerned with subjective evaluation for performance proficiency. Introduced here is an evaluation method strongly dependent on the “Fluctuation Strength (FS)”, which represents hearing sensations from fluctuations of sounds. In this study, the feeling of fluctuation is described by FS, and an influence of FS on subjective evaluation for tremolo is investigated by evaluation experiments. It is confirmed that skilled tremolo is best performed under the region of lower level of FS.
Keyword (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
(in English) Mandolin / Tremolo / Feeling of fluctuation / Fluctuation Strength / Subjective evaluation of performance proficiency / / /  
Reference Info. IEICE Tech. Rep., vol. 109, no. 100, EA2009-20, pp. 13-18, June 2009.
Paper # EA2009-20 
Date of Issue 2009-06-18 (EA) 
ISSN Print edition: ISSN 0913-5685  Online edition: ISSN 2432-6380
All rights are reserved and no part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Notwithstanding, instructors are permitted to photocopy isolated articles for noncommercial classroom use without fee. (License No.: 10GA0019/12GB0052/13GB0056/17GB0034/18GB0034)
Download PDF EA2009-20

Conference Information
Committee EA  
Conference Date 2009-06-25 - 2009-06-26 
Place (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Place (in English)  
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Paper Information
Registration To EA 
Conference Code 2009-06-EA 
Language Japanese 
Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Sub Title (in Japanese) (See Japanese page) 
Title (in English) Subjective evaluations of proficiency for tremolo played on the mandolin using Fluctuation Strength 
Sub Title (in English)  
Keyword(1) Mandolin  
Keyword(2) Tremolo  
Keyword(3) Feeling of fluctuation  
Keyword(4) Fluctuation Strength  
Keyword(5) Subjective evaluation of performance proficiency  
1st Author's Name Nozomiko Yasui  
1st Author's Affiliation Ryukoku University Graduate School (Ryukoku Univ.)
2nd Author's Name Masafumi Kinou  
2nd Author's Affiliation Ryukoku University (Ryukoku Univ.)
3rd Author's Name Masanobu Miura  
3rd Author's Affiliation Ryukoku University (Ryukoku Univ.)
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Date Time 2009-06-25 14:00:00 
Presentation Time 30 
Registration for EA 
Paper # IEICE-EA2009-20 
Volume (vol) IEICE-109 
Number (no) no.100 
Page pp.13-18 
#Pages IEICE-6 
Date of Issue IEICE-EA-2009-06-18 

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