|< Contents >|
Introduction of Applied Electromagnetic
Research Institute, National Institute of
Information and Communications Technology
|Call for Papers in Time|
The Applied Electromagnetic Research Institute has started its services with five laboratories since April 2011: Remote Sensing Fundamentals Laboratory, Radiowave Remote Sensing Laboratory, Space Weather and Environment Informatics Laboratory, Space-Time Standards Laboratory, and Electromagnetic Compatibility Laboratory. The planned subjects of these five laboratories encompass a vast range, from atomic to interplanetary space scales, and their mode of contribution to practical applications is widely diversified. While the institute as a whole has the common denominator called “electromagnetic wave measurement”, the term has two connotations; that is, to measure electromagnetic waves and to measure something by utilizing electromagnetic waves.
Furthermore, the latter act of measuring something by using electromagnetic waves has the following two aspects: One is research on making good use of electromagnetic waves by fully understanding the characteristics of electromagnetic waves themselves. This requires the technology for generating and receiving electromagnetic waves and the knowledge about their propagation, scattering, and absorption, and thus it involves studies mainly with engineering aspects such as the development of radars and receivers. The other is the scientific study of subjects that are to be measured. If the subject is a weather phenomenon such as clouds or rain, it has the aspect of meteorology, and if it is a live body, it will have the aspect of biology. At this institute, I would like to create such an environment in which both engineering and scientific researchers will cooperatively endeavor to resolve
problems and realize the best possible results. The following briefly describes the respective objectives of the five laboratories:
Remote Sensing Fundamentals Laboratory
For the realization of high-precision global observation technology that determines the state of the atmosphere and makes the diagnosis of global environment changes such as global warming, the laboratory will work on the R&D of remote sensing technology for collecting data on the atmosphere composition and its circulation by using high frequency electromagnetic waves (optical, terahertz and millimeter waves).
Radiowave Remote Sensing Laboratory
The laboratory will establish leading-edge radar systems implementing technologies such as a next generation Doppler radar that enables determination of the 3D distribution of rainfalls in a short period of time and satellite-borne radars, and concurrently carry on the R&D on fundamental technologies of high performance and highly functional data-acquisition and processing based on the verification of the above-mentioned findings. The laboratory will also validate the performance of the high-resolution air-borne SAR (synthetic aperture radar) with a resolution of 30 cm in various applications, and concurrently carry on leading R&D activities such as velocity measuring technology for terrestrial as well as marine mobile objects toward the progressive development of observation methods.
Space Weather and Environment Informatics Laboratory
In the field of environmental information technologies in the human activity sphere including interplanetary space, the laboratory will integrate the observing/ sensing technologies and numerical computing technology into systems to be implemented mainly in Asian and Oceania areas for comprehensively performing the observation, collection, control, analysis, and distribution of international and various space and global environment data, and establish the informatics technology for processing the thus obtained large-volume data on the computer clouds.
Space-Time Standards Laboratory
Through the R&D of the Japan Standard Time generation and improving its distribution services as well as the R&D of the next generation space-time standards application technology, the laboratory will provide the nation with a reliable and precise space-time reference/time and frequency standard. It will also promote the R&D of optical frequency standards and the next generation space-time measuring technology, thereby contributing to the redefinition of the second and to the implementation of comprehensive space-time standards.
Electromagnetic Compatibility Laboratory
With further diversification and sophistication of radiowave applications as well as the rapid development of energy-saving equipment, the laboratory will promote R&D relevant to electro- magnetic compatibility measuring technologies in order to allow information and communications devices and communication systems to operate without being affected by electromagnetic wave interference and thus capable of being used reassurance and safety with regard to human bodies. Moreover, the laboratory will conduct the test and calibration services of wireless devices, thereby contributing to the secure maintenance of the electromagnetic environment.
One activity which is being emphasized in the recent reorganization is the deployment or utilization of study results. The research subjects covered by this Institute are broadly diversified ranging from newly sprouted studies that have the potential of substantial growth in the future to those in a stage very close to practical applications. The type approval test service of the Electromagnetic Compatibility Laboratory, the generation and distribution of Japan Standard Time, and the frequency calibration service pertaining to the Space-Time Standards Laboratory as well as the space weather forecasting of the Space Weather and Environment Informatics Laboratory are actually operated as public services. On the other hand, the exploitation of the terahertz band that would be the last unused frequency band is indeed one of the subjects that are expected for future development. We will aggressively promote development for practical applications, thereby allowing this organization to be such an Institute that will carefully nurture each sprout to maturity and realize its potential of bearing fruit in the future.
Note: The strategy of research activities introduced by the author covers wide academic fields and it will impress researchers or scholars, especially in Asia Pacific region related to the activities. See it at http://www.nict.go.jp/en/aeri/index.html. Further, some activities are focused on the prevention of huge natural disasters and will be useful for them as well. Access http://ictfss.nict.go.jp/ or http://ictfss.nict.go.jp/yokohama2012/index.html for details.
(reported by IEICE-TFIPP, Kenzo Takahashi)
| Top |
|| BACK ||
(C) Copyright 2012 IEICE.All rights reserved.